The Sailendra dynasty built the largest Buddhist relic in the world between 780-840 AD. The Sailendra dynasty was the ruling dynasty of the time. This relic is built as a place of worship of Buddha and place of pilgrimage. This place contains guidance for people to abstain from the lust of the world and to enlightenment and wisdom according to the Buddha. This legacy was discovered by British troops in 1814 under the leadership of Sir Thomas Stanford Raffles. The temple area was completely cleaned in 1835. Borobudur temple tour is built in a Mandala style that reflects the universe in Buddhist belief. The structure of this building is boxed with four entrances and a circular center point. When viewed from the outside to the inside is divided into two parts of the world of nature is divided into three zones on the outside, and the nature of Nirvana in the central part.
Zone 1: Kamadhatu
Nature of the world that is seen and being experienced by humans now. Kamadhatu consists of 160 reliefs that explain Karmawibhangga Sutra, the law of cause and effect. Describes human nature and lust, such as robbing, killing, raping, torture, and slander. The cover holder at the bottom has been permanently opened so that visitors can see the reliefs hidden at the bottom. The entire 160 photo collection of reliefs can be seen at the Borobudur Temple Museum located at Borobudur temple tour Archaeological Park.
Zone 2: Rupadhatu
The transitional world, in which man has been freed from the affairs of the world. Rapadhatu consists of stone carving relief galleries and buddha statues. In total there are 328 Buddha statues that also have ornaments relief on the carvings. According to Sanskrit manuscripts in this section consists of 1300 reliefs in the form of Gandhawyuha, Lalitawistara, Jataka and Awadana. All of them stretching as far as 2.5 km with 1212 panels.
Zone 3: Arupadhatu
The supreme nature, the house of God.
The three circular foyer leads to a dome in the central part or stupa that represents the resurrection of the world. In this section there are no ornaments and ornaments, which means to describe the highest purity. The porch in this section consists of a hollow-shaped stupa, an inverted bell, containing a Buddha statue leading to the outside of the temple. There are 72 stupas in total. The largest stupa in the center is not as high as the original version which has a height of 42m above the ground with a diameter of 9.9m. Unlike the stupa that surrounds it, the central stupa is empty and raises the debate that there is actually content but also some that the stupa is empty.
Relief of Borobudur temple tour
In total there are 504 Buddhas with meditative attitudes and six different hand positions along the temple.
During the restoration in the early 20th century, found two smaller temples around Borobudur, namely Pawon Temple and Mendut Temple that line with the Borobudur Temple. Pawon temple is 1.15 km from Borobudur temple tour, while Mendut Temple is 3 km from Borobudur Temple tour. There is a belief that there is a religious relationship between the three temples but still not known exactly the process of ritual. The three temples form a route for the Waisak Day Festival that is held every year during the full moon in April or May. The festival is a reminder of the birth and death, and the enlightenment given by Gautama Buddha.
Borobudur Temple Compounds
This famous Buddhist temple, dating from the 8th and 9th centuries, is located in central Java. It was built in three tiers: a pyramidal base with five concentric square terraces, the trunk of a cone with three circular platforms and, at the top, a monumental stupa. The walls and balustrades are decorated with fine low reliefs, covering a total surface area of 2,500 m2. Around the circular platforms are 72 openwork stupas, each containing a statue of the Buddha. The monument was restored with UNESCO’s help in the 1970s.
Outstanding Universal Value
The Borobudur Temple tour Compounds is one of the greatest Buddhist monuments in the world, and was built in the 8th and 9th centuries AD during the reign of the Syailendra Dynasty. The monument is located in the Kedu Valley, in the southern part of Central Java, at the centre of the island of Java, Indonesia. The main temple is a stupa built in three tiers around a hill which was a natural centre: a pyramidal base with five concentric square terraces, the trunk of a cone with three circular platforms and, at the top, a monumental stupa. The walls and balustrades are decorated with fine low reliefs, covering a total surface area of 2,520 m2. Around the circular platforms are 72 openwork stupas, each containing a statue of the Buddha.
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